Clemens Kunz discusses HMO composition
analysis and metabolism in infants. There are around 150-200 types of HMOs identified so far. Nowadays, through biotechnological advances, single HMOs can be produced in large amounts and purified for use in metabolic and functional studies in humans. HMOs have also been shown to provide benefits to formula-fed infants by influencing the establishment of the gut microbiota. As far as Oligossacharides are concerned it is important to mention taht Short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides found in infant formula are very different structurally from human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs).